The most precious thing lost in the Apostasy was the authority held by the Twelve—the priesthood keys. For the Church to be His Church, there must be a Quorum of the Twelve who hold the keys and confer them on others.

Boyd K Packer

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Matthew 16:16-19            we think of sealing power (limited to marriage. Don’t limit it! WHATEVER you do with this power, it will be bound in heaven. Like baptism)

Caesarea Philippi

-Like a Roman onclave/vacation spot

-Gods of Rome


Among the Gods of Rome, who do ye think I am?


The keys of the kingdom

Catholic church

-Peter went to Rome, died in Rome.

-Before dying, set apart a bishop


Problem is, bishops don’t have general authority, they have local authority.


What are keys?


“Priesthood keys are the authority God has given to priesthood [holders] to direct, control, and govern the use of His priesthood on earth.”4 Every act or ordinance performed in the Church is done under the direct or indirect authorization of one holding the keys for that function. As Elder M. Russell Ballard has explained, “Those who have priesthood keys … literally make it possible for all who serve faithfully under their direction to exercise priesthood authority and have access to priesthood power.”5

Elder Oaks


The Keys of the Priesthood

There are keys of the priesthood. While the word key has other meanings, like keys of wisdom or keys of knowledge, the keys of the priesthood are the right to preside and direct the affairs of the Church within a jurisdiction. All priesthood keys are within The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and no keys exist outside the Church on earth.

President Packer


The keys of the priesthood control the use of the priesthood

President Packer

The Play and the Plan

May 7, 1995 CES Fireside


All 15 men on the wall

How many of them have all the Keys?

All of them, but only President Monson has authorization to use them


Jesus Christ holds all the keys of the priesthood pertaining to His Church. He has conferred upon each of His Apostles all the keys that pertain to the kingdom of God on earth. The senior living Apostle, the President of the Church, is the only person on earth authorized to exercise all priesthood keys (see D&C 43:1–4; 81:2;107:64–67, 91–92; 132:7).


Seniority is based on the ordination of their calling (NOT just called)


President Kimball and Benson were ordained the same day, but made a difference of 12 or 13 years as prophet.


To become President, you just have to outlive 14 guys


Elder Stevenson’s story

John 15:16

16 Ye have not chosen me, but I have chosen you, and ordained you,


Importance of the Twelve


Eph 2:19–20

1 COr. 12:28

D&C 107:23-24


Mount of Transfiguration , Matthew 17   (Mount Tibor)

Painting of mount of Transfiguration  Moses and Elias (which means Elijah)

Elias in Greek is Elijah in Hebrew

Kirtland Temple


Moses, to these men is kind of like their Redeemer.


These 3 Jewish guys’ live was completely based on the Law of Moses


Matt 17:1-13, 18:18


The Savior, Mose and Elias (Elijah), gave the keys to Peter, James, and John on the mount, when they were transfigured before  him  

TPJS p 105


New apostle is called after Christ assends


Acts 1:3 , 21-26


Verse 3 proved my many infalable proof

Signs and Tokens


Get the 11 together and they pick a new apostle, Mattheius


Evidence that they try to continue 12.


Paul is called


*If you kill all the Apostles, you no longer have Priesthood keys


As a special witness of Christ through serving as an apostle, Elder Rasband said, “I can’t ever remember not believing in Jesus Christ. I have loved him since I learned of Him from the knees of my mother sharing scriptures with me and reading stories. I have just grown up in the Lord. I’ve always loved Him. I’ve always had a desire to serve Him. I love the Lord; I know He is God’s living Son, Jesus the Christ. I’m honored beyond my words to express to have been called to serve Him up to this very moment, and I will devote my time, my talents, everything I have now till the day I die. I’m committed to do it. I’m honored to do it.”


John Wesly, one of the  Reformers. “Who gave me the authority?”  Two brothers argued One said no, the other said yes


Little wonder that the Prophet Joseph would include in those succinct and eloquent articles of our faith, “We believe that a man must be called of God, by prophecy, and by the laying on of hands by those who are in authority, to preach the Gospel and administer in the ordinances thereof.”8 Clearly, acting with divine authority requires more than mere social contract. It cannot be generated by theological training or a commission from the congregation. No, in the authorized work of God there has to be power greater than that already possessed by the people in the pews or in the streets or in the seminaries—a fact that many honest religious seekers had known and openly acknowledged for generations leading up to the Restoration.


It is true that some few in that day did not want their ministers to claim special sacramental authority, but most people longed for priesthood sanctioned by God and were frustrated as to where they might go to find such.9 In that spirit the revelatory return of priesthood authority through Joseph Smith should have eased centuries of anguish in those who felt what the famed Charles Wesley had the courage to say. Breaking ecclesiastically with his more famous brother John over the latter’s decision to ordain without authority to do so, Charles wrote with a smile:

How easily are bishops made
By man or woman’s whim:
Wesley his hands on Coke hath laid,
But who laid hands on him?


In responding to that challenging question, we in the restored Church of Jesus Christ can trace the priesthood line of authority exercised by the newest deacon in the ward, the bishop who presides over him, and the prophet who presides over all of us. That line goes back in an unbroken chain to angelic ministers who came from the Son of God Himself, bearing this incomparable gift from heaven.


Jeffrey R Holland


D&C 107:23

The Calling of an Apostle


23 The twelve traveling councilors are called to be the Twelve Apostles, or special witnesses of the name of Christ in all the world—thus differing from other officers in the church in the duties of their calling.


Seventy and the Bishopric with whom I have served for these 47 years when I tell you that the records show I have been in Mexico and Central and South America more than 75 times, in Europe over 50 times, Canada 25 times, the islands of the Pacific 10 times, Asia 10 times, and Africa 4 times; also China twice; to Israel, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the Dominican Republic, India, Pakistan, Egypt, Indonesia, and many, many other places around the globe. Others have traveled even more than that.

D&C 84

Faithful unto priesthoods, God will renew their bodies


After all the years that I have lived and taught and served, after the millions of miles I have traveled around the world, with all that I have experienced, there is one great truth that I would share. That is my witness of the Savior Jesus Christ.

Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon recorded the following after a sacred experience:

“And now, after the many testimonies which have been given of him, this is the testimony, last of all, which we give of him: That he lives!


Boyd K Packer


The Original Christus in Copenhagen Denmark


Elder Rex Pinegar 1976


Most of our group was near the rear of the chapel with the custodian. I stood up front with President Kimball before the statue of Peter with Elder Rex D. Pinegar and Johan Helge Benthin, president of the Copenhagen stake.

In Peter’s hand, depicted in marble, is a set of heavy keys. President Kimball pointed to those keys and explained what they symbolized. Then, in an act I shall never forget, he turned to President Benthin and with unaccustomed firmness pointed his finger at him and said, “I want you to tell everyone in Denmark that I hold the keys! We hold thereal keys, and we use them every day.”

I will never forget that declaration, that testimony from the prophet. The influence was spiritually powerful; the impression was physical in its impact.

We walked to the back of the chapel where the rest of the group was standing. Pointing to the statues, President Kimball said to the kind custodian, “These are the dead Apostles.” Pointing to me, he said, “Here we have the living Apostles. Elder Packer is an Apostle. Elder Thomas S. Monson and Elder L. Tom Perry are Apostles, and I am an Apostle. We are the living Apostles.

“You read about the Seventies in the New Testament, and here are two of the living Seventies, Elder Rex D. Pinegar and Elder Robert D. Hales.”

The custodian, who up to that time had shown no emotion, suddenly was in tears.

I felt I had had an experience of a lifetime.

“We believe in the same organization that existed in the Primitive Church, namely, apostles, prophets, pastors, teachers, evangelists, and so forth.”18

When the Seventy are ordained, although they are not ordained Apostles nor do they hold keys, they have authority, and the Twelve are “to call upon the Seventy, when they need assistance, to fill the several calls for preaching and administering the gospel, instead of any others.”19

Today there are 308 Seventies in 8 quorums. They represent 44 countries and speak 30 languages.

We do not hear of the priesthood keys being exercised in other Christian churches. It seems odd that we are described by some as being non-Christian when we are the only ones who have the authority and the organization that He established.